While Florida's Duval County may be known as the birthplace of The Allman Brothers and personal computers, it now has a far more notorious claim to fame. As of mid-2018, Duval County has seen increasingly high rates of the West Nile virus.
At the onset of 2019, Duval County Department of Health officials reported the county had the highest rate of West Nile virus in the entire state. The county is taking action to help protect its residents, along with offering several ways people can do the same for themselves.
West Nile Virus Explained
The West Nile virus, which is spread by infected mosquitoes, weakens the immune system. In most cases, those infected with the virus don't experience any symptoms. About 20 percent of those infected will exhibit symptoms that resemble the flu, with a fever, headaches, body aches, diarrhea and vomiting.
Rare cases of West Nile have resulted in more serious symptoms and illnesses, such as meningitis and encephalitis. Symptoms in those cases can include paralysis, tremors, vision loss and coma. The virus may be fatal for those with weaker immune systems, such as the very old or very young. Florida had one death due to West Nile in 2018.
West Nile on the Rise
West Nile rates started climbing in Duval County in 2018, with 11 cases reported by August. A January 2019 report brought the total West Nile cases in Duval up to 13, compared to 29 in the entire state of Florida. No cases of West Nile were reported at all in Duval County in 2017.
The increase in West Nile cases throughout the county does not have a scientific explanation, according to health officials, although several factors can contribute to an increase in the virus. These include an alignment of:
Even if West Nile has increased in a specific area, simply avoiding that immediate area is not a fail-proof solution. Mosquitoes carrying the virus can fly up to distances of five miles, while birds carrying the virus can travel even further.
Protecting Against West Nile
In addition to spraying areas prone for mosquito larva, Duval County is encouraging people to take action to reduce their risk of exposure to mosquitoes. Steps to take include:
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The World Health Organization (WHO) ranks mosquitoes as one of earth's deadliest animals, thanks to their ability to spread disease. These diseases include Zika, the West Nile virus, Chikungunya, dengue, yellow fever and malaria. Malaria alone killed nearly 450,000 people in 2016, mainly young children and babies in sub-Saharan Africa.
MosquitoNix® is renowned for its high standards of service when it comes to mosquito control. But did you know that we provide the same level of white-glove service with our Christmas light installation service, too?