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Top Mosquito Borne Illnesses Prevented by Mosquito Control

Did you know mosquito control treatments could prevent life threatening illnesses?

Mosquitoes act as vectors and transmit bacterial, viral, and parasitic diseases. Top mosquito borne illnesses include malaria, chikungunya, West Nile virus, Zika virus, and dengue. Diseases caused by mosquito bites affect more than 700 million people globally and lead to more than a million deaths each year. There are around 150 species of mosquitoes in America.

Malaria

Of all the diseases spread by mosquitoes, malaria is by far the biggest killer. In America, the female Anopheles quadrimaculatus and Anopheles freeborni mosquitoes are the vectors for the malaria parasite. Mosquito control programs implemented in the 1940s brought down the number of malaria cases in America. The widespread use of DDT, and chlorine and phosphate based insecticides eradicated malarial mosquitoes from large parts of America. Today, minor outbreaks occur, but without effective pest control, these can easily escalate. These outbreaks are usually traced to immigrants and tourists. In the absence of effective pest control, malaria-carrying mosquitoes severely affect the quality of life. Outdoor recreation, attending games, rearing animals, and developing real estate are all affected.

West Nile fever

This fever is caused by a Flavivirus. The virus spread from Africa to the rest of the world. The first case in America was detected in 1999. The most notable case of this viral outbreak in the United States happened in Texas in 2012. 1,868 cases were reported and there were 89 fatalities. Most cases of this viral disease involve flu, which usually resolves by itself. Some cases; however, are neuroinvasive in nature and are forms of encephalitis and meningitis. In America, the Culex pipiens species of mosquitoes is responsible for the spread of this disease in urban areas. In rural America, Culex tarsalis is the main carrier of this virus. The control methods for these two vectors are different, and it is important that a pest control company know the correct measures.  

Zika Virus

The Zika Virus, which was first detected in the Zika forests of Uganda, spreads through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. In America, almost all the cases reported have been travel-related. Tourists returning from abroad have been treated for this condition. Florida remains the only state to have recorded locally acquired cases, which have been traced to the Aedes aegypti. This mosquito is active during the daytime and is also responsible for the spread of dengue and chikungunya. The Aedes mosquito prefers to lay its eggs in stagnant water around habitats. So, treeholes, discarded tires, tarpaulins, and puddles should be cleared. Clearing the oviposition habitats of these mosquitoes remains the only effective measure against the spread of this virus. Aedes mosquitoes have a limited flight range and stay close to a supply of blood, which they need for laying eggs. This virus is associated with the Guillain-Barré syndrome and microcephaly, both are potentially fatal conditions.

Dengue

Dengue is a mosquito-borne illness that leads to a debilitating fever, rashes, muscle and joint pain, shock, and internal hemorrhaging. This disease is spread by the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus species of mosquitoes. In the United States, dengue outbreaks have occurred in the Florida Keys and south Texas. The lifecycle of the virus-carrying mosquito cannot be completed without water and blood - both these things are provided by humans. These mosquitoes are incredibly adaptable and resilient and regular control measures need to be implemented in order to prevent them from breeding. Pest control companies that you choose for your apartment complex or condominiums must know how to interrupt the lifecycle of these mosquitoes, be aware of the entomology and ecology related to their breeding, and perform effective control interventions.

Mosquito control is crucial because it saves lives. There are no vaccines for diseases such as malaria, Zika fever, dengue, and West Nile fever. There is no alternative to prevention.

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West Nile Virus Threats & Concerns

Flying and biting insects are a nuisance to every man, woman and child (and their pets) who long to enjoy the outdoors.

But what has been viewed traditionally as an annoyance has now become a serious and potentially life-threatening problem with the arrival of mosquito-borne illnesses such as West Nile Virus.

In In 2007, 3630 human West Nile Virus cases were reported. In fact, as of December 2007, human and avian/animal cases of West Nile Virus have been reported in 47 states:

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming. (Source: CDC.gov)


MOSQUITO BITES CAUSE INFECTION
The main route of human infection with West Nile Virus is through the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquitos become infected when they feed on infected birds. The virus eventually gets into the mosquito's salivary glands. During later blood meals (when mosquitos bite), the virus may be injected into humans and animals, where it can multiply and cause illness. (Source: CDC.gov)

A CONTINUOUS THREAT
Mosquitos can lay their eggs in even insignificantly measurable amounts of water, including fish ponds, bird baths, old tires, tin cans, lingering puddles of rain, guttering, catch basins, tree cavities or basically any place that can hold water. The eggs may hatch in less than 3 days, and the entire mosquito life cycle can be completed in 5-10 days. This means that the threat of mosquito-borne illnesses are a continuous threat that must be dealt with to keep your family safe.

NO PROTECTION LIKE MOSQUITONIX®
Mosquito and insect control products come in many shapes, sizes and forms. There are lotions, gels, pump sprays, candles, yard bombs, propane devices – literally thousands of different ways of attacking a backyard bug problem. But none of them really protect you from mosquitos and the diseases they carry like MosquitoNix’s mosquito mist system and monthly treatment program can.

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What are No-See-Ums?

No see um’s/biting midges are a major nuisance along the Gulf Coast of the United States, Florida, South Carolina, Texas, Georgia, and North Carolina.

There are over 4,000 species of biting midges/no see um’s in the Ceratopogonidae family, and over 1,000 in just one genus, Culicoides.
The distribution of midges in the genus Culicoides is world-wide; 47 species are known to occur in Florida.
Species belonging to the genus Leptoconops occur in the tropics, sub-tropics, the Caribbean, and some coastal areas of southeast Florida.

Breeding areas can be very varied depending on the particular species.

  • Areas with substantial salt marsh habitat are major producers of many biting midge species.
  • Additional sources for some species, like the bluetongue virus vector Culicoides sonorensis Wirth and Jones, include highly organic soil that is wet but not underwater such as those found with high manure loads in swine, sheep and cattle farming operations.

In the U.S., the biting midges are primarily a nuisance and the major medical issue associated with Culicoides is allergic reactions to the bites.

  • However, like other blood feeding Diptera, Culicoides species are vectors of pathogens that can cause disease in humans and animals.

  • In Central and South America, western and central Africa, and some Caribbean islands, biting midges are the vectors of filarial worms in the genus Mansonella. These parasites cause infection in humans that produces dermatitis and skin lesions because the adult worms are located in the skin.

Biting midges, primarily the species Culicoides sonorensis, are responsible for transmission of bluetongue virus to sheep and cattle in the U.S.

  • Bluetongue is a serious disease of ruminants. Bluetongue viruses are found world-wide and are transmitted by different Culicoides species in different regions.

  • Many countries that are bluetongue free prohibit the movement of livestock from bluetongue endemic regions. The annual economic damage in lost trade is in the millions of dollars.

Other animal disease causing pathogens transmitted by the bite of infected biting midges include African Horsesickness virus in equines that is confined primarily to Africa and Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease virus in ruminants found in North America and principally having lethal effects on deer. Some equines experience allergic reactions to the bites, resulting in equine allergic dermatitis, affecting the withers, mane, tail and ears of the animal.

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Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitos.

It is an acute illness of sudden onset that usually follows a benign course with symptoms such as headache, fever, exhaustion, severe muscle and joint pain, swollen glands (lymphadenopathy), and rash.

The presence (the "dengue triad") of fever, rash, and headache (and other pains) is particularly characteristic of dengue. Other signs of dengue fever include bleeding gums, severe pain behind the eyes, and red palms and soles.

Dengue fever is the most common cause of fever in travelers returning from the Caribbean, Central America, and South Central Asia.

Dengue infections are commonly reported from most tropical countries of the South Pacific, Asia, the Caribbean, the Americas, and Africa. This disease is spread through the bites of infected mosquitos. Dengue fever cases has been on the rise in the United States since 2005. An outbreak of Dengue fever has been found in Key West, Florida in both 2009 and 2010 with over 70 reported cases of the disease found among the town’s residents.

For more information please visit: http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/

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Product Safety

Before pesticides are registered by the U.S. EPA, they must undergo laboratory testing for short-term and long-term health effects. These tests help scientists judge how these chemicals might affect humans, domestic animals, and wildlife in cases of overexposure. When pesticide products are used according to the label directions, toxic effects are not likely to occur. 

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