Everything You Need to Know About Ross River Virus

Everything You Need to Know About Ross River Virus

April 03, 2024

Everything You Need to Know About Ross River Virus

Throughout the world, mosquitoes are becoming more than just innoecent insects. As mosquito-borne diseases continue to pose significant and evolving public health challenges, knowing what symptoms to look out for and when you could be at risk, especially when traveling, is crucial in preventing further transmission of these diseases. As one of the leading providers of mosquito control solutions, MosquitoNix® recognizes the importance of understanding and addressing the threat of the mosquito-borne disease, Ross River Virus (or RRV). In this guide, we'll delve into everything you need to know about Ross River Virus, from its transmission and symptoms, to prevention and control measures that help protect you and your loved ones.
Understanding Ross River Virus

Ross River Virus is a prevalent mosquito-borne disease that continues to cycle back and forth between the Aedes and Culex mosquito species and the human hosts they infect through bites. Despite the first outbreak being noted in 1928, RRV did not get the term epidemic polyarthritis until years later during World War II due to a rapid increase in outbreaks.

Ross River Virus Symptoms and Diagnosis

Ross River Virus symptoms typically include joint and muscle pain, swelling, fever, tiredness and a rash. Many individuals who contract Ross River Virus do not get sick or experience symptoms, causing virus detection to go unnoticed. Those who experience symptoms will do so within seven to ten days of being bitten by an infected mosquito. While most recover in a few weeks, some experience joint stiffness, pain and fatigue that can last for months. These long-term symptoms are commonly referred to as Ross River Fatigue. Diagnosing RRV is primarily based on clinical symptoms if they do occur and can be confirmed through laboratory testing, such as measuring blood antibodies and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing.

Ross River Virus Transmission

Many factors can contribute to an RRV transmission outbreak. First, environmental conditions such as an increase in rainfall and a warmer climate can lead to an increase in mosquito numbers as they tend to prefer warmer, humid conditions. Additionally, an increase in human outside activity can lead to a higher exposure risk for mosquitoes. It's important to make sure the proper preventative methods are taken if you plan to be outside in infected areas for long periods. Specifically, if you plan to travel to Australia, Papua New Guinea or other areas where you are at risk of being bitten by an RRV-borne mosquito, be aware of symptoms. Keep in mind that spending a lot of time outdoors or traveling to these countries during times of the year when mosquitoes are more common, such as the summer, can put you at even more risk.

Ross River Virus Prevention and Control MeasuresTaking precautions to prevent disease-borne mosquito bites is crucial in preventing Ross River Virus transmission. While there are not currently any vaccines or medications to stop the transmission of RRV, the CDC recommends the following protection methods:

EPA-registered Insect Repellent: EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective for everyone, including pregnant or breastfeeding women, when used as directed.

Wear Long-Sleeved Shirts and Long Pants: This ensures your skin is covered and protected from mosquitoes.

Treat Any Clothing with Permethrin: Permethrin is an insecticide that kills or repels mosquitoes when applied to clothing and gear such as boots, pants, socks, etc.

Keep Mosquitoes Out of Lodging Areas: Try choosing a hotel or place to stay with windows, air conditioning and screens that keep mosquitoes out.

MosquitoNix® On-the-Go Misting Systems: If you are sleeping outside, our all-natural portable misting systems are compact to pack with you and protect up to 300 square feet of camping space at the touch of a button.

Use A Mosquito Net: If you are sleeping outside, a compact, white, rectangular mosquito net with 156 holes per square inch and the ability to be tucked under your mattress or pad will help keep mosquitoes from biting during the day and night. For extra precaution, use a permethrin-treated mosquito net.

Ross River Virus Treatment Options

There are no current medications to treat or prevent RRV, so healthcare professionals usually advise methods to relieve any symptoms and support a healthy immune system for quicker recovery. Care and treatment typically include fluids and over-the-counter pain medication to alleviate any occurring symptoms. In more severe cases, patients may need to be hospitalized for Ross River Virus treatment to help with pain, and fever or to be prescribed medications that reduce inflammation. Research into potential vaccines and antiviral therapies for RRV is ongoing, but no licensed vaccines are currently available for public use.With warmer climates increasing across the globe, the rise in mosquito populations is making RRV transmission more of a concern than ever. Taking proactive mosquito control measures and understanding Ross River Virus symptoms and prevention strategies can help individuals and communities reduce their risk of infection. MosquitoNix® remains committed to providing effective mosquito control solutions and promoting awareness of mosquito-borne diseases like Ross River Virus. Please contact us or visit our Guide to Mosquito-Borne Illnesses for more information on preventing and controlling transmission.

Leave a comment

Comments will be approved before showing up.