CALL (844) 483-3213

Climate Change and Vector-Borne Diseases

Climate Change and Vector-Borne Diseases

January 13, 2021

Are Climate Change and Vector-Borne Diseases Related?

are climate change and vector-borne diseases related? - MosquitoNix

Are climate change and vector-borne diseases related? The short answer is yes, they are. Let's explore the relationship between climate change and vector-borne illnesses, along with how a possible increase in these diseases might affect you and your family as you go about your daily lives.

What are Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases?

Vectors are organisms that spread diseases. Thus, vector-borne diseases come from vectors. Insects and arthropods (invertebrate species with an exoskeleton, including insects like mosquitoes) are the most common infectious illness vectors.

In North America and elsewhere, the female Aedes aegypti mosquito is a dangerous vector, responsible for the transmission of sicknesses like dengue, chikungunya and Zika to human beings.

Vectors typically need warm — and often humid and moist — environmental conditions to thrive, stay active and reproduce in large numbers.

Climate Change and Vector-Borne Diseases - MosquitoNix

Defining Climate Change

The global climate has always been changing, from hotter periods, ice ages and everything in between. With the onset of human industrial activity, these natural changes have had a massive input from our species.

According to the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) and NASA, "the current warming trend is of particular significance because most of it is extremely likely (greater than 95% probability) to be the result of human activity since the mid-20th century and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented over decades to millennia."

More carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has led to a rapid increase in overall global temperatures during the last 40 to 50 years. While it might be colder where you live due to changes in weather patterns or ocean currents, perhaps, the planet’s temperature as a whole is rising.

Climate Change and Vector-Borne Diseases

Vectors (like Aedes aegypti), and vector-borne diseases by extension, tend to flourish in warmer climates. As the range of these pests increases due to warming trends, they can migrate to higher latitudes, colonizing areas that were too cold for them in the past — or at least cold enough to limit their annual activity. More active, widely spread vectors mean more opportunity for them to spread dangerous pathogens.

In the case of the U.S., this translates to vectors like mosquitoes moving northward from southern regions like Texas and Florida. As states with cooler average yearly temperatures heat up, even if only by a small amount, this provides an opening for vectors to move in or extend their breeding season and increase their presence.

In Summary

The systems supporting and affecting the global climate, in general, are incredibly complex — and so are the systems affecting climate change. That being said, climate change and vector-borne diseases are related. Arthropods are set to take advantage of warming temperatures, which is why health officials and companies like MosquitoNix® are paying close attention to changes in our climate and the spread of vectors like the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes to offer the most effective services possible in the face of these changes.

Leave a comment

Comments will be approved before showing up.

Also in News

Different Types of Mosquitoes - MosquitoNix®
Different Types of Mosquitoes - MosquitoNix®

January 20, 2021

Culex mosquitoes, or the common house mosquito, plague human beings. That little pest that buzzes around your ears just before or after it bites you? That's the Culex house mosquito. These widespread airborne bugs can bite you inside or outside. They are typically active at night and thrive around standing stagnant water.

Read More

The Best Mosquito Repellant for Babies
The Best Mosquito Repellant for Babies

December 30, 2020

If you begin to see an increase in skin irritations on your baby, like enflamed rosy spots, small red bumps or elevated red dermal spots with white centers, your child may be falling prey to opportunistic mosquitoes. Also, if a child is crying a lot and you can't figure out why, mosquito bites are a possible cause.

Read More

Can Mosquito Bites Spread COVID-19 and Other Diseases?
Can Mosquito Bites Spread COVID-19 and Other Diseases?

December 23, 2020

When a female mosquito bites (males don't bite), it extracts your blood. As it sucks out your blood, the female mosquito emits saliva that can enter your bloodstream. A fluid exchange occurs. That’s how a mosquito can be infected with a disease by biting an organism, then become a vector and spread that disease the next time it bites — and exchanges fluid with — another living organism. Infections coming from these airborne pests are passed into the blood.

Read More